Wednesday, October 07, 2009

Contemporary China in 60 years (1980 - 1984)

(1949 - 1954), (1955 - 1959), (1960 - 1964), (1965 - 1969), (1970 - 1974), (1975 - 1979)

1980: Private Business Reemerging (个体户)

People stood in front of the first private owned restaurant, YuBin, in China after Great Culture Revolution

The reemerging of private business was remarkable. It was the beginning of China's economic take-off.

1981: "One Country, Two Systems" (“一国两制”)

Deng Xiaoping (left) and Margaret Thatcher (right).

First proposed by Deng Xiaoping, "One Country, Two Systems" soon became a fundamental policy of China to handle its internal affairs. Although the policy was designed for dealing with mainland's relationship to Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan, implicitly it claimed the allowance of co-existence between capitalism and socialism. If capitalism can be executed well by Chinese in places such as Hong Kong, why is it not able to be effective in mainland China as well? While 1980 represented the return of capitalism beneath the water, the "One Country, Two Systems" policy in 1981 officially approved the reborn of capitalism in China.

1982: Socialism with Chinese Characteristics (具有中国特色的社会主义)

The 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. In the conference, Deng Xiaoping claimed that since then China was going to explore a new route of socialism, which is the socialism with Chinese characteristics.

The statement became the political motto of Chinese government until now. Underneath the cap of "with Chinese characteristics", many new policies were passed though they indeed significantly contradicted to the traditional belief of socialism. In fact, nowadays the Chinese style socialism is nearly equivalent to the capitalism but led by a communist party.

1983: Severe Crackdown on Crime (严打)

Policewomen arrested a female in 1983's nation-wide action on severe crackdown on crime. Severe crackdown on crime (or "Yanda" by Chinese spoken) is a typical "with Chinese characteristics" action on against the crimes.

Yanda has become periodic since 1983. Despite of its good intention, Yanda seems, however, never have reached the goal. In contrast, Yanda becomes a way for the government to regularly inspect its control over the people.

1984: Start Business (下海)

In 1984, Haier signed contrast with German investors.

In this year, many later on famous private-owned Chinese companies were founded, which included such as Haier and Lenova. The Chinese business in private sector started blossom.

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